Biogas for rural Households

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    The biogas generated from cow dung will replace fuels that are currently used for domestic energy needs such as fire wood or kerosene.

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    Construction of a biogas digester.

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    Construction of an other biogas digester. Later the dome is invisible as it gets covered with soil. The methane can leave the dome only via a cable which leads the gas directly into the kitchen.

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    Biogas flows directly from the digester through the green cable into the kitchen.

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    Biogas digester are always in the responsibility of women as they cook with the biogas and maintain the plant.

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    The biogas technology, implemented by the very experienced indian non-governmental organisation SKG Sangha, is already tried and tested in rural India and they constantly improve and enhance the technology according to new needs and habits.

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    The cattle manure is mixed with water and added to the plant.

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    The biogas plant produces enough gas for the daily cooking needs.

The overall objective of the programme of activity is the installation of domestic biodigesters as a clean, sustainable energy source throughout India. The biogas generated from cow dung will replace fuels that are currently used for domestic energy needs such as fire wood or kerosene.

30,000 people benefit from better air
30,000
people benefit from better air
4,600 biodigesters installed
4,600
biodigesters installed
7.2 t CO2 and 4.8 t wood being avoided per biodigester
7.2
t CO2 and 4.8 t wood being avoided per biodigester

The first installations take place in Gulbarga, Yadgir and Bidar District in Karnataka State. The project encompasses to install biodigesters in 6,900 households. The biogas installations are fed with animal dung and kitchen wastewater. The generated gas is used for cooking. In addition, the slurry of the remaining manure serves as high quality fertilizer replacing chemical products. Traditionally, domestic energy needs for cooking in the project area are met with firewood and kerosene. The inefficient cook stoves that people traditionally use have a thermal efficiency of only eight to ten percent. Low family incomes make it impossible for local people to substitute this traditional fuel. This led already to a degradation of the forest cover in the districts.

Moreover, domestic biogas installations have positive sustainable development effects such as alleviating the workload for women and children and easing health problems caused by indoor pollution. The biogas unit will be of either two or three cubic metre capacity depending on the number and type of cattle owned by the household and the number of people in the household.

We have a vision: We want to synergise the elements of Nature with the power of people and thereby create a constant resource for renewable energy for a beautiful world.
Vidya Sagar, CEO of SKG Sangha

The programme will result in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings in the following ways: The biogas will displace GHG emissions from kerosene and fuel wood that are currently used for cooking. The biogas produced from cattle manure is a renewable source of energy. The biogas will displace GHG emissions from cattle manure that is currently dumped in pits near the household. The cattle manure is dumped along with other waste such as straw from the cow shed, some kitchen waste, crop residues and other organic matter and liquids in the pit. This organic waste is never dry and does not get mixed therefore animal waste is decaying anaerobically and emitting methane.

SKG Sangha will be the Project Implementing Partner (PIP) coordinating the programme throughout India and installing the systems with the help of people from the households. SKG Sangha is a very experienced Indian non-governmental organisation working already over 20 years in this field of activity. They biogas technology is already tried and tested in rural India and they constantly improve and enhance the technology according to new needs and habits.

IMPACTS AND BENEFITS ACHIEVED:

  • 30,000 people benefit from better air and from having to spend less time for collecting firewood.
  • 100 jobs have been created (masons, supervisors, quality controllers, project managers)
  • 5,500 people have been trained
  • 4,600 biodigesters have been installed so far.
  • Each biodigester avoids about 7.2 t CO2 and 4.8 t of wood per year.
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