What does "net zero emissions" mean?

Net zero is on everyone's lips nowadays. So what exactly does “net zero emission” mean?

The IPCC demonstrates in its most recent report of 2023 that net emissions must be reduced to zero as soon as possible in order to stabilize global temperatures. The report also states that any scenario that does not involve a reduction to zero will not stop climate change. This objective has been ratified by Switzerland, the EU and many other countries, under the Paris Agreement. 

Since the Earth already reacts strongly to small changes in the amount of CO₂, methane and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, emissions of these gases must be reduced until the whole system is back in balance again. Net zero emission means that all man-made greenhouse gas emissions must be removed from the atmosphere through reduction measures, thus reducing the Earth’s net climate balance, after removal via natural and artificial sink, (see: What are negative emissions?), to zero. This way humankind would be carbon neutral and global temperature would stabilise.

However, it should be noted: The later this goal is reached, the higher the negative emissions need to be. You can find out more in the article on negative emissions or about your own CO₂ budget.

IPCC 2023 AR6 Synthesis Report: Climate Change 2023



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