Project type: Land Use and Forestry
Project location: Fiji; Vanua Levu (Cakadrove and Macuata provinces)
Project status: In operation, credits available
Annual CO₂ reduction: 18'800t
This carbon offset project aims at preventing further deforestation of a globally significant ecosystem. Instead of earning their living by harvesting timber, the local landowners – several Fijan clans – will establish a protected area which generates carbon credits.
The local indigenous rainforest communities in Fiji predominantly rely on subsistence agriculture, cash cropping as well as on the extraction of timber and non-timber forest products for domestic use. In the communities without access to commercial agriculture, commercial logging of timber is one of the few reliable income sources. Therefore, deforestation poses a serious threat to the rainforest in the project area. Deforestation contributes to the high percentage of global annual greenhouse gas emissions already caused by rainforest loss.
Moreover, deforestation threatens an especially biodiverse ecosystem that provides habitats for endangered and endemic species such as the Fiji Ground Frog. In addition, the threatened ecosystem plays a key role in protecting the local population from natural disasters such as cyclones, floods and droughts. An intact forest reduces the impact of extreme rainfall events on soil erosion and flooding, and the impacts of droughts on water security.
The project covers 4,120ha of tropical rainforest of 450 indigenous people in three villages in Fiji. Protecting the rainforest will have three important benefits: it will ensure carbon sequestration and conserve biodiversity. Second, it reduces the population's vulnerability to extreme weather events. Third, the project will protect watersheds to maintain a healthy river system and provide high quality drinking water.
In order to generate these benefits, the project will develop alternative income sources for the landowners while at the same time improving the populations' well-being. A Forest Community Cooperative was formed and receives support in management and capacity building. The strengthened community governance allows to establish community businesses such as producing and selling rainforest honey. Women are involved in decision making, and also benefit from the alternative livelihood activities.
Moreover, infrastructure is improved. One example is the construction of a new water source for the village. It replaces the former source which had been destroyed by a flooding during the cyclone Winston. The protected rainforest area will be actively managed according to a conservation plan and monitored to ensure that it remains protected in practice.
The project methodology framework for this programme was developed with European Union and GIZ funds and is managed by a local non-profit organization. It received an award for Excellence in Implementing Island Ecosystem Management Principles. Money from the CO2 offsetting is used to compensate the landowners for giving up their rights to log timber.