The amount of greenhouse gas emissions that are reduced or avoided through a climate protection project are calculated as follows: For power production with renewable energies, the amount calculated is the amount of greenhouse gas emissions that the climate protection project reduces or avoids.
The calculation also involves outlining a scenario that represents the greenhouse gas emissions that would have been created had the climate protection project not been done. This scenario is referred to as a baseline. The expected emissions reduction is calculated as the difference between the baseline emissions and the expected project emissions.
Unavoidable CO2 emissions from product manufacture and service provision can be offset by acquiring CO2 certificates, making them climate-neutral. For this purpose, CO2 certificates are sold in the accordant amount and subsequently cancelled. This cancellation confirms verifiability that the certificate’s owner has performed compensation measures.