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Project type: Efficient cook stoves
Project location: Nigeria
Project status: In operation, exclusive
Annual CO₂ reduction: 780,000 t CO2
This climate protection project replaces inefficient cook stoves being used by the majority of the Nigerian population with highly efficient cook stoves. The project intends to reduce carbon emissions, improve health and reduce deforestation.
Over 71 per cent of Nigeria’s population cooks with solid fuel on inefficient traditional cook stoves and open fires resulting in serious indoor air pollution. Due to this, Nigeria records the highest number of indoor air pollution related deaths, averaging 64,000 annually, especially among women and children in poor families. This is why the project is primarily targeted at the poor part of the population.
The improved charcoal stove reduces fuel consumption by the introduction of a ceramic liner that increases combustion efficiency and retains heat. The stove consists of hourglass shaped metal cladding with a perforated interior ceramic liner that allows ash to fall to the collection chamber at the base. A thin layer of cement is placed between the cladding and the liner to bind the two. The efficient stoves are made largely from scrap metal from construction projects across Nigeria.
While this project significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions, it simultaneously reduces the exposure to health damaging indoor air pollutants and diminishes the fuel purchase bill for households and schools and/or save fuel collection time for use in other productive activities. The manufacturing process of the stoves provides jobs, promotes recycling and reduces manufacturing costs.
The use of efficient cook stoves reduces the pressure placed on local forests through the fewer amount of wood being consumed. The preservation of wood resources also helps to avoid inter-communal conflict over resources. Furthermore, it will help preventing adverse changes in the ecosystem as a result of deforestation leading to erosion.
From the initial concept, women have been the driving force of this project. The problems of rudimentary stoves affect women disproportionately as they carry out the greater part of cooking and child-rearing activities, which center around the kitchen and health issues. It was through the needs and vocal participation of women that this new stove model was designed. It is to the credit of the local cooks, women sales agents and stove retailers that the model has met with widespread acceptance and enthusiasm. By enlisting the help of female community agents, women have been empowered with new information, new skills and ownership of a new asset. The stove is made available to both men and women equally. In the project partners previous stove projects, over 80 per cent of owners of new stoves are women.
The project partner, Toyola Energy Limited (TEL), has gained experience in the field of clean cookstoves in other parts of West Africa, especially Ghana and Togo, over the past 10 years. The project is funded by private capital of TEL. Funding for future expansion is expected to come from the sales of emission reduction certificates. myclimate’s support helps to scale up the project in coming years.
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Around 3.6 USD (1500 Naira) per month and 2–3 h/day is saved by stove users which is being used for other purposes in the families.
226,573 households benefit from access to basic services and appropriate new technology.
Each stove avoids 3.4 t CO2e per year.
Reduction of indoor air pollution and related risk to respiratory diseases.
100% of stove construction workers have been trained.
Reduced workload for women and girls due to less time spent collecting firewood.
100% of project employees, stove construction workers and community agent team members are over 18 years old and have been equipped with personal protective equipment.
Each stove reduces charcoal consumption by 1.3 tonnes per year.
295,000 tonnes of charcoal saved per year through the project.